ORA-27040: file create error, unable to create file

问题描述:在搭建DG复制文件到备库时,出现以下异常: RMAN> duplicate target database for standby from active database; 异常信息如下: ORA-19504: failed to create file "/u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/orcl151/control02.ctl" ORA-27040: file create error, unable to create file Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory 异常原因:控制文件control02.ctl创建失败. 解决方案:备库中手动创建/u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/orcl151目录,注意权限与/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151保持一致,并确保备库数据库处于nomount状态,主备库监听和TNS配置无问题,再去执行duplicate操作,执行无异常发生. 以下为执行过程: RMAN> duplicate target database for standby from active database; Starting Duplicate Db at 09-OCT-21 using target database control file instead of recovery catalog allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1 channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=129 device type=DISK contents of Memory Script: { backup as copy reuse targetfile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs/orapworcl150' auxiliary format '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs/orapworcl151' ; } executing Memory Script Starting backup at 09-OCT-21 allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1 channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=192 device type=DISK Finished backup at 09-OCT-21 contents of Memory Script: { backup as copy current controlfile for standby auxiliary format '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/control01.ctl'; restore clone controlfile to '/u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/orcl151/control02.ctl' from '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/control01.ctl'; } executing Memory Script Starting backup at 09-OCT-21 using channel ORA_DISK_1 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy copying standby control file output file name=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs/snapcf_orcl150.f tag=TAG20211009T091420 RECID=3 STAMP=1085476461 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01 Finished backup at 09-OCT-21 Starting restore at 09-OCT-21 using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1 channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: copied control file copy Finished restore at 09-OCT-21 contents of Memory Script: { sql clone 'alter database mount standby database'; } executing Memory Script sql statement: alter database mount standby database contents of Memory Script: { set newname for tempfile 1 to "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/temp01.dbf"; switch clone tempfile all; set newname for datafile 1 to "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/system01.dbf"; set newname for datafile 2 to "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/sysaux01.dbf"; set newname for datafile 3 to "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/undotbs01.dbf"; set newname for datafile 4 to "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/users01.dbf"; set newname for datafile 5 to "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/example01.dbf"; backup as copy reuse datafile 1 auxiliary format "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/system01.dbf" datafile 2 auxiliary format "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/sysaux01.dbf" datafile 3 auxiliary format "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/undotbs01.dbf" datafile 4 auxiliary format "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/users01.dbf" datafile 5 auxiliary format "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/example01.dbf" ; sql 'alter system archive log current'; } executing Memory Script executing command: SET NEWNAME renamed tempfile 1 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/temp01.dbf in control file executing command: SET NEWNAME executing command: SET NEWNAME executing command: SET NEWNAME executing command: SET NEWNAME executing command: SET NEWNAME Starting backup at 09-OCT-21 using channel ORA_DISK_1 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy input datafile file number=00001 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl150/system01.dbf output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/system01.dbf tag=TAG20211009T091428 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:15 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy input datafile file number=00002 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl150/sysaux01.dbf output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/sysaux01.dbf tag=TAG20211009T091428 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:15 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy input datafile file number=00005 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl150/example01.dbf output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/example01.dbf tag=TAG20211009T091428 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy input datafile file number=00003 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl150/undotbs01.dbf output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/undotbs01.dbf tag=TAG20211009T091428 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03 channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy input datafile file number=00004 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl150/users01.dbf output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/users01.dbf tag=TAG20211009T091428 channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01 Finished backup at 09-OCT-21 sql statement: alter system archive log current contents of Memory Script: { switch clone datafile all; } executing Memory Script datafile 1 switched to datafile copy input datafile copy RECID=3 STAMP=1085476509 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/system01.dbf datafile 2 switched to datafile copy input datafile copy RECID=4 STAMP=1085476509 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/sysaux01.dbf datafile 3 switched to datafile copy input datafile copy RECID=5 STAMP=1085476509 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/undotbs01.dbf datafile 4 switched to datafile copy input datafile copy RECID=6 STAMP=1085476509 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/users01.dbf datafile 5 switched to datafile copy input datafile copy RECID=7 STAMP=1085476509 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl151/example01.dbf Finished Duplicate Db at 09-OCT-21

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